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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it under consideration by another journal (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word format for main text.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font and all figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points.
  • Figures should be embedded in the main text file and also submitted as separate image files in TIFF format and with a resolution no less than 300 dpi.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • All supplementary information should be submitted as a single file in PDF format, except for certain special format files such as multimedia, dataset (Excel files containing big data), etc.
  • A cover letter should be prepared and pasted into the box below. The name, institution and Email of 5 suggested reviewers should also be provided in the cover letter.